Jan Halák
Palacky University
[In French]Both Patočka and Merleau-Ponty conceive the world not just as an Object, but rather as a field of an irreducible phenomenal and ontological depth. Patočka’s concept of movement and Merleau-Ponty’s concept of flesh are two concrete figures of this depth, and as such they are understood by the respective authors as that what stands at the origin of every singular being so far as it detaches itself on the ground of the world as an open totality. Nevertheless, the position of the two concepts seems to be quite different in relation to the traditional categories of the metaphysics. We argue that Patočka’s concept of movement is profoundly rooted in, and dependent on, the classical oppositions, whereas Merleau-Ponty’s flesh makes it possible to understand them rather as abstractions produced by segregation from the original field of presence. In order to establish these points, we propose an interpretation of Patočka’s and Merleau-Ponty’s understanding of the concepts of horizon and world, and of course of those of movement and flesh. [In French.]
Keywords ontology  perception  world  phenomenology  horizon  movement  flesh  body
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Signes.Maurice Merleau-Ponty - 2018 - Chiasmi International 20:229-229.
Le visible et l'invisible.Maurice Merleau-Ponty - 1964 - Paris, France: Gallimard.
Signes.Maurice Merleau-Ponty - 1961 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 16 (2):264-265.

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