Authors
Jan Halák
Palacky University
Abstract
The phenomenological point of view of the body is usually appreciated for having introduced the notion of the ‘lived’ body. We cannot merely analyze and explain the body as one of the elements of the world of objects. We must also describe it, for example, as the center of our perspective on the world, the place where our sensing is ‘localized’, the agens which directly executes our intentions. However, in Husserl, the idea of the body as lived primarily complements his objectivism: the body (Leib) is an objective and mental reality, a ‘double unity’, as he writes. In contrast, Merleau-Ponty’s later considerations of the body in Phenomenology of Perception tend to the idea of a circular relationship between the objective and subjective dimensions of the body – between the objective and the lived. One of the means to overcome the idea of the body as a site of the correlation between two opposite and complementary realms is, for Merleau-Ponty, the philosophical interpretation of an early neurological notion of ‘body schema’. Body schema is neither an idea nor a physiological-physical fact, it is rather a practical diagram of our relationships with the world, an action-based norm in reference to which things make sense. In the recently published preparatory notes for his 1953 courses, Merleau-Ponty dedicates much effort to further developing the notion of body schema, and interprets fresh sources that he did not use in Phenomenology of Perception. Notably, he studies various possibilities of how this practical ‘diagram’ can be de-differentiated (pathology) or further refined (cognitive and cultural superstructures, symbolic systems), which shows the fundamentally dynamic unity of the body. This paper summarizes the basic elements of Merleau-Ponty’s 1953 renewed philosophical interpretation of the notion of body schema, while contrasting it to the more traditional understanding of the body in phenomenology and in recent philosophical texts dealing with body schema.
Keywords Merleau-Ponty  perception  body schema  body image  human body  subjectivity  Gallagher  Husserl
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

How the Body Shapes the Mind.Shaun Gallagher - 2005 - Oxford University Press UK.

View all 23 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Body Schema Dynamics in Merleau-Ponty.Jan Halák - 2021 - In Yochai Ataria, Shogo Tanaka & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Body Schema and Body Image: New Directions. pp. 33-51.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Body.David Morris - 2008 - In Rosalyn Diprose & Jack Reynolds (eds.), Merleau-ponty: Key Concepts. Acumen Publishing. pp. 111-120.
Lived Body and Environment.Shaun Gallagher - 1986 - Research in Phenomenology 16 (1):139-170.
The Role of Phenomenology of Merleau- Ponty in Medicine.Somayeh Rafighi & Mohammad Asghari - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 11 (20):117-140.
Lived Body and Fantasmatic Body: The Debate Between Phenomenology and Psychoanalysis.Thamy Ayouch - 2008 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 28 (2):336-355.
'Body-Image' and 'Body-Schema' in the Existential Phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty.D. Tiemersma - 1982 - Journal of the British Society of Phenomenology 13:246-255.
Merleau-Ponty and Embodied Cognitive Science.Christopher Pollard - 2014 - Discipline Filosofiche : Merleau-Ponty and the Natural Sciences (2):67-90.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2017-09-27

Total views
295 ( #32,327 of 2,455,351 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
20 ( #35,419 of 2,455,351 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes