Of Mice and Men: Evolution and the Socialist Utopia. William Morris, H.G. Wells, and George Bernard Shaw [Book Review]

Journal of the History of Biology 43 (1):17 - 66 (2010)

During the British socialist revival of the 1880s competing theories of evolution were central to disagreements about strategy for social change. In News from Nowhere (1891), William Morris had portrayed socialism as the result of Lamarckian processes, and imagined a non-Malthusian future. H.G. Wells, an enthusiastic admirer of Morris in the early days of the movement, became disillusioned as a result of the Malthusianism he learnt from Huxley and his subsequent rejection of Lamarckism in light of Weismann's experiments on mice. This brought him into conflict with his fellow Fabian, George Bernard Shaw, who rejected neo-Darwinism in favour of a Lamarckian conception of change he called "creative evolution."
Keywords William Morris  H.G. Wells  G.B. Shaw  Malthus  August Weismann  evolution  creative evolution  nineteenth-century  twentieth-century  Lamarckism  socialism  inheritance of acquired characters  neo-Darwinism  Great Britain
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DOI 10.1007/s10739-009-9177-0
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References found in this work BETA

Evolution: The History of an Idea.Peter J. Bowler - 1985 - Journal of the History of Biology 18 (1):155-157.
Creative Evolution.Henri Bergson - 1911 - London: Palgrave-Macmillan.

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