Buddhism and the Dao in Tang China: The Impact of Confucianism and Daoism on the Philosophy of Chengguan

Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 52 (3-4):283-292 (1999)
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Chengguan (738–839), the fourth patriarch of the Huayan school of Chinese Buddhism, declared the primacy of Buddhism over Confucianism and Daoism and criticised these philosophies from a Buddhist stance. In his subcommentary to the Avata?saka Sutra, he defines ten differences between Buddhism and indigenous philosophies, which are discussed in this paper. However, he also often quoted from Chinese Classics to clarify the meaning of a Buddhist tenet. On these occasions he sometimes adds that he only borrows the words but not their meaning. We investigate how he places these words into a new, Buddhist context.



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A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy.Wing-Tsit Chan - 1963 - Princeton: Princeton University Press. Edited by Wing-Tsit Chan.
A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy.A. C. Graham & Wing-Tsit Chan - 1964 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 84 (1):60.
Tsung-mi and the Sinification of Buddhism.T. Griffith Foulk & Peter N. Gregory - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (3):487.
Buddhism in Chinese History.Arthur F. Wright - 1960 - Philosophy East and West 10 (1):62-63.
Buddhism in Chinese History.C. S. G. & Arthur F. Wright - 1965 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 85 (2):289.

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