History of Universities (forthcoming)

Authors
Nabeel Hamid
Concordia University
Abstract
This article studies the academic context in which Cartesianism was absorbed in Germany in the mid-seventeenth century. It focuses on the role of Johann Clauberg (1622-1665), first rector of the new University of Duisburg, in adjusting scholastic tradition to accommodate Descartes’ philosophy, thereby making the latter suitable for teaching in universities. It highlights contextual motivations behind Clauberg’s synthesis of Cartesianism with the existing framework such as a pedagogical interest in Descartes as offering a simpler method, and a systematic concern to disentangle philosophy from theological disputes. These motivations are brought into view by situating Clauberg in the closely-linked contexts of Protestant educational reforms in the seventeenth century, and debates around the proper relation between philosophy and theology. In this background, it argues that Clauberg nevertheless retains an Aristotelian conception of ontology for purely philosophical reasons, specifically, to give objective foundations to Descartes’s metaphysics of substance. In conclusion, Clauberg should not be assimilated either to Aristotelianism or to Cartesianism or, indeed, to syncretic labels such as ‘Cartesian Scholastic’. Instead, he should be read as transforming both schools by drawing on a variety of elements in order to address issues local to the academic milieu of his time.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Descartes the Doctor: Rationalism and its Therapies.Steven Shapin - 2000 - British Journal for the History of Science 33 (2):131-154.
Eclecticism Rediscovered.Ulrich Johannes Schneider - 1998 - Journal of the History of Ideas 59 (1):173-182.
Scolastica e cartesianesimo nel pensiero di J. Clauberg.Eugenio Viola - 1975 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 67:247-266.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Bibliographia Claubergiana : Tracking a Crossroads in the History of Philosophy.Alice Ragni - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (4):731-748.
Leibnitiana bei Johannes Clauberg.Winfried Weier - 2000 - Studia Leibnitiana 32 (1):21 - 42.
The Cartesian Destiny of Form and Matter.Marjorie Grene & Roger Ariew - 1997 - Early Science and Medicine 2 (3):300-325.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2020-01-25

Total views
40 ( #239,908 of 2,340,238 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
23 ( #29,056 of 2,340,238 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes