Erkenntnis 59 (3):291 - 309 (2003)

Sven Ove Hansson
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm
Mainstream moral theories deal with situations in which the outcome of each possible action is well-determined and knowable. In order to make ethics relevant for problems of risk and uncertainty, moral theories have to be extended so that they cover actions whose outcomes are not determinable beforehand. One approach to this extension problem is to develop methods for appraising probabilistic combinations of outcomes. This approach is investigated and shown not to solve the problem. An alternative approach is then developed. Its starting-point is that everyone has a prima facie moral right not to be exposed to risk. However, this right can be overridden if the risk-exposure is part of an equitable system for risk-taking that works to the advantage of the individual risk-exposed person.
Keywords Philosophy   Philosophy   Epistemology   Ethics   Logic   Ontology
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Reprint years 2004
DOI 10.1023/A:1026005915919
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References found in this work BETA

The Limits of Morality.Shelly Kagan - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
Moral Uncertainty and its Consequences.Ted Lockhart - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
The Structure of Values and Norms.Sven Ove Hansson - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
Egalitarianism and Responsibility.Richard J. Arneson - 1999 - The Journal of Ethics 3 (3):225-247.
Reflections on Consequentialism.Lars Bergström - 1996 - Theoria 62 (1-2):74-94.

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Citations of this work BETA

Philosophy of Technology.Maarten Franssen - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Is the Precautionary Principle a Midlevel Principle?Per Sandin & Martin Peterson - 2019 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 22 (1):34-48.
Risk.Sven Ove Hansson - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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