Linguistic Experiments and Ordinary Language Philosophy

Ratio 28 (4):422-445 (2015)
Authors
Nat Hansen
University of Reading
Abstract
J.L. Austin is regarded as having an especially acute ear for fine distinctions of meaning overlooked by other philosophers. Austin employs an informal experimental approach to gathering evidence in support of these fine distinctions in meaning, an approach that has become a standard technique for investigating meaning in both philosophy and linguistics. In this paper, we subject Austin's methods to formal experimental investigation. His methods produce mixed results: We find support for his most famous distinction, drawn on the basis of his ‘donkey stories’, that ‘mistake’ and ‘accident’ apply to different cases, but not for some of his other attempts to distinguish the meaning of philosophically significant terms. We critically examine the methodology of informal experiments employed in ordinary language philosophy and much of contemporary philosophy of language and linguistics, and discuss the role that experimenter bias can play in influencing judgments about informal and formal linguistic experiments
Keywords experimental philosophy  J.L. Austin  meaning  experimenter bias
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/rati.12112
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 35,471
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Survey-Driven Romanticism.Simon Cullen - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):275-296.
The Pervasive Impact of Moral Judgment.Dean Pettit & Joshua Knobe - 2009 - Mind and Language 24 (5):586-604.

View all 29 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

The Ordinary and the Experimental: Cook Wilson and Austin on Method in Philosophy.Guy Longworth - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (5):939-960.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Ideal Language Philosophy and Experiments on Intuitions.Sebastian Lutz - 2009 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 2 (2):117-139.
Contemporary Ordinary Language Philosophy.Nat Hansen - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (8):556-569.
Austin on Perception.W. F. R. Hardie - 1963 - Philosophy 38 (July):253-263.
Theory of Meaning.Adrienne Lehrer - 1970 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
Austin on Sense-Data: Ordinary Language Analysis as 'Therapy'.Eugen Fischer - 2006 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 70 (1):67-99.
J. L. Austin and Literal Meaning.Nat Hansen - 2012 - European Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):617-632.
Why We Need Ordinary Language Philosophy.Sandra Laugier - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
Shooting a Donkey: Accidents and Mistakes in Austin and McEwan.David Rudrum - 2013 - Philosophy and Literature 37 (2):421-434.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2015-04-08

Total downloads
83 ( #77,478 of 2,285,736 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
6 ( #78,672 of 2,285,736 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature