David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Philosophical Quarterly 43 (4):477-502 (2003)
The fundamental presupposition of political philosophy is that the legitimate rule of one individual over another requires justification: political power may come out of the barrel of a gun but political authority does not. Classically, the philosopher of politics looked to nature. In the seventeenth century, however, the philosophical tide turns in a decidedly different direction: contractarianism. Political society becomes a consensual construct created through the heuristic vehicle of a hypothetical social contract. Simultaneously, within the confines of contractarianism itself, a remarkable transformation occurs. The theory originates in the hands of Grotius, Hobbes and Pufendorf as a justificatory tool for political absolutism and, paradoxically, reaches its zenith in Locke with a firm commitment to constitutionalism. I explore this transformation in detail, culminating with what I term the “Lockean Synthesis.”
|Keywords||Catholic Tradition Contemporary Philosophy History of Philosophy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jean Hampton (2007). The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
John Thrasher (2013). Reconciling Justice and Pleasure in Epicurean Contractarianism. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):423-436.
Stephen L. Darwall (ed.) (2003). Contractarianism, Contractualism. Wiley-Blackwell.
L. Anderson Jami (1997). Reciprocity as a Justification for Retributivism. Criminal Justice Ethics 16 (1):13-25.
Linda Radzik (2005). Justice in the Family: A Defence of Feminist Contractarianism. Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1):45–54.
Robert Bass (2000). Pure Contractarianism: Promise, Problems, Prospects. Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (2-3):319-332.
David Gauthier (1997). Political Contractarianism. Journal of Political Philosophy 5 (2):132–148.
Nicolas Maloberti (2012). New Approaches to Classical Liberalism. Rationality, Markets and Morals 3:22-50.
Sibyl A. Schwarzenbach (2008). Book ReviewsJean Hampton,. The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. Edited by Daniel Farnham.New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Pp. 223. $74.00 ; $27.99. [REVIEW] Ethics 119 (1):180-184.
Deborah Baumgold (2005). Hobbes's and Locke's Contract Theories: Political Not Metaphysical. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (3):289-308.
Matt Matravers (2008). Review of Jean Hampton, The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (9).
Added to index2011-01-09
Total downloads18 ( #255,423 of 1,925,584 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #418,223 of 1,925,584 )
How can I increase my downloads?