Authors
Carsten Nielsen
Aarhus University
Abstract
Equal freedom is the common starting point for most contractual theories of justice from Hobbes and Rousseau to Rawls. But while equal freedom defines a common starting point for these theories, this does not result in a general consensus on the conception of justice. On the contrary, different ways of conceptualizing the contractual starting point leads to different conceptions of the demands of justice. To fully understand the relationship between equal freedom and justice we therefore first need to explicate how and why the initial condition of equality is transformed into demands of justice. In this paper we discuss how this transformation takes place in the theories of Hobbes, Rousseau and Rawls, with particular emphasis on the vexed relationship between motivation and justification.
Keywords Social contract Theory  Moral motivation  Thomas Hobbes  Jean-Jacques Rousseau  John Rawls
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DOI 10.1080/13698230.2014.995498
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References found in this work BETA

The Concept of Law.Hla Hart - 1961 - Oxford University Press.
Leviathan.Thomas Hobbes - 1651 - Harmondsworth, Penguin.
The Concept of Law.Stuart M. Brown - 1963 - Philosophical Review 72 (2):250.
Two Treatises of Government.Roland Hall - 1966 - Philosophical Quarterly 16 (65):365.

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