Ideas for a Hermeneutic Phenomenology of the Natural Sciences

Review of Metaphysics 48 (4):904-906 (1995)

Abstract

Kockelmans' contribution to the philosophy of science stems from ideas in this second chapter, developments and applications of ideas found in Husserl's phenomenology, Heidegger's existential analytic, and Gadamer's hermeneutics. Kockelmans makes the now familiar claim that, as ever placed within the world, human thinking starts from the world, presupposing it, its things, structures, values, and meanings; there is no radically detached cogito. To be done, natural science and its ontology, presupposes human being-in-the-world and the life-world ontology constituted through everyday human interpretive activity. These sciences, in turn, help us discover real things about that world of which our ordinary life-world philosophies may have never dreamt. Philosophy, and in particular philosophy of science, is essentially an ex post facto critical reflection on the lifeworld, its sciences, arts, and meaning-making activities in general. This is a role, Kockelmans argues, that cannot be abridged by the sciences, any more than the sciences can be supplanted by philosophical reflection. In some very nice lines reminiscent of Hegel, Kockelmans writes: "Experience wants to be reason without knowing this explicitly". "Philosophy, therefore, is the reflection of reason on itself". And, "as reason's consciousness of itself, philosophy becomes an element of man's total experience; afterwards it tries to withdraw from this experience in order to give direction in all realms of experience to the processes of rationalization which always are already on their way". Philosophy, then, in Kockelmans' view, resurrects, restores, refines, and maintains the meaning of human endeavor and consequence; further, it can thereby, within limits, articulate future possibilities for these endeavors.

Download options

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 72,660

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Analytics

Added to PP
2012-03-18

Downloads
21 (#539,793)

6 months
1 (#388,311)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Similar books and articles

What is Ecophenomenology?David Wood - 2001 - Research in Phenomenology 31 (1):78-95.
A Hermeneutic Phenomenology of Subjec-Tive and Objective Spirit: Husserl, Natorp, and Cassirer.Sebastian Luft - 2004 - The New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 4:209-248.
On the Hermeneutic Dimensions of the Natural Sciences.Joseph J. Kockelmans - 1986 - Études Phénoménologiques 2 (3):33-81.
Hermeneutic Phenomenology: The Philosopher of Paul Ricoeur.Don Ihde - 1971 - Evanston: Northwestern University Press.
Hermeneneutics and the Social Sciences: A Gadamerian Critique of Rorty.Georgia Warnke - 1985 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 28 (1-4):339 – 357.
Going in Circles.David-Hillel Ruben - 2009 - In Chrysostomos Mantzavinos (ed.), Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice. Cambridge University Press. pp. 312.

Author's Profile

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations