In James H. Fetzer (ed.), Consciousness Evolving. John Benjamins. pp. 3-18 (2002)
Many special problems crop up when evolutionary theory turns, quite naturally, to the question of the adaptive value and causal role of consciousness in human and nonhuman organisms. One problem is that -- unless we are to be dualists, treating it as an independent nonphysical force -- consciousness could not have had an independent adaptive function of its own, over and above whatever behavioral and physiological functions it "supervenes" on, because evolution is completely blind to the difference between a conscious organism and a functionally equivalent (Turing Indistinguishable) nonconscious "Zombie" organism: In other words, the Blind Watchmaker, a functionalist if ever there was one, is no more a mind reader than we are. Hence Turing-Indistinguishability = Darwin-Indistinguishability. It by no means follows from this, however, that human behavior is therefore to be explained only by the push-pull dynamics of Zombie determinism, as dictated by calculations of "inclusive fitness" and "evolutionarily stable strategies." We are conscious, and, more important, that consciousness is piggy-backing somehow on the vast complex of unobservable internal activity -- call it "cognition" -- that is really responsible for generating all of our behavioral capacities. Hence, except in the palpable presence of the irrational (e.g., our sexual urges) where distal Darwinian factors still have some proximal sway, it is as sensible to seek a Darwinian rather than a cognitive explanation for most of our current behavior as it is to seek a cosmological rather than an engineering explanation of an automobile's behavior. Let evolutionary theory explain what shaped our cognitive capacity (Steklis & Harnad 1976; Harnad 1996, but let cognitive theory explain our resulting behavior
|Keywords||*Adaptation *Cognition *Darwinism *Self Perception *Theory of Evolution Body Awareness Conscious (Personality Factor) Determinism Natural Selection Philosophies|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Harnessing Psychoanalytical Methods for a Phenomenological Neuroscience.Emma P. Cusumano & Amir Raz - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
Similar books and articles
Folk Theory of Mind: Conceptual Foundations of Human Social Cognition.Bertram F. Malle - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 225-255.
Levels of Functional Equivalence in Reverse Bioengineering: The Darwinian Turing Test for Artificial Life.Stevan Harnad - 1994 - Artificial Life 1 (3):93-301.
Minds, Machines and Turing: The Indistinguishability of Indistinguishables.Stevan Harnad - 2001 - Philosophical Explorations.
Minds, Machines and Turing: The Indistinguishability of Indistinguishables.Stevan Harnad - 2000 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (4):425-445.
Does Mind Piggyback on Robotic and Symbolic Capacity?Stevan Harnad - 1995 - In H. Morowitz & J. Singer (eds.), The Mind, the Brain, and Complex Adaptive Systems. Addison Wesley.
Evolving Robot Consciousness: The Easy Problems and the Rest.Irene E. Harvey - 2002 - In James H. Fetzer (ed.), Consciousness Evolving. John Benjamins.
Can a Machine Be Conscious? How?Stevan Harnad - 2003 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (4):67-75.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads50 ( #98,671 of 2,053,879 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #245,334 of 2,053,879 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.