Classical Quarterly 38 (02):351- (1988)

In Athens during the late Classical and Hellenistic periods, it was customary for a man who was borrowing a large sum of money to pledge some property as security for the repayment of his loan. To show that this property was legally encumbered, a flat slab of stone, called a horos, was set up, and an inscription, indicating the nature of the lien on the property, was inscribed on the horos. These horoi served to warn third parties that the man who pledged the property as security was not free to sell it or otherwise alienate it until the loan was repaid. The terminology which is used on these horoi to indicate that the property has been pledged as security varies. On a relatively small number of horoi, only seven, the property is described as ‘lying under ’ for a debt, the amount of which may or may not be specified. The texts found on a far greater number of horoi, some 128 in all, use a different type of expression. On these horoi, the property is said to have been ‘sold on condition of release’ . The terminology used on the horoi to describe this kind of lien presents a striking contrast with that employed by the Attic orators: in their speeches we find the verbs ποκεσθαι and ποτιθναι when it is a question of pledging security for a loan, but never ππρασθαι with the addition of the prepositional phrase π λσει
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/S0009838800037010
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 55,955
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Once More, The Client/ Logographos Relationship1.I. Worthington - 1993 - Classical Quarterly 43 (1):67-72.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Human Organs, Scarcities, and Sale: Morality Revisited.R. R. Kishore - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (6):362-365.
Public Policy and the Sale of Human Organs.Cynthia B. Cohen - 2002 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):47-64.
Paying for Kidneys: The Case Against Prohibition.Michael B. Gill & Robert M. Sade - 2002 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):17-45.
The Potential Dual Use of Online Pharmacies.Sławomir Letkiewicz & Andrzej Górski - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):59-75.
Oocytes for Sale?Lori Gruen - 2007 - Metaphilosophy 38 (2-3):285–308.
Sex for Sale.David Archard - 1989 - Cogito 3 (1):47-51.
Notes on Horace.G. S. Sale - 1891 - The Classical Review 5 (04):137-139.
The Confiscation and Sale of Organs.T. M. Wilkinson - 2007 - Res Publica 13 (3):327-337.
On the Word Ντηρδες in Thucydides VII. 36, 2.G. S. Sale - 1896 - The Classical Review 10 (01):7-9.
The Point of Sale.James Stacey Taylor - 2012 - The Philosophers' Magazine 59 (59):115-118.
Is the Sale of Body Parts Wrong?J. Savulescu - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (3):138-139.
An Organ Sale by Any Other Name.Jerry Menikoff - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):42 – 44.


Added to PP index

Total views
20 ( #510,278 of 2,403,212 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #552,147 of 2,403,212 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes