In Jeanine Diller & Asa Kasher (eds.), Models of God and Alternative Ultimate Realities. Springer. pp. 141-156 (2013)

Ali Hasan
University of Iowa
Al-Ghazali (1058-1111) was concerned that early Islamic philosophers were leaning too heavily and uncritically on Aristotelian and Neoplatonic ideas in developing their models of God and His relation to the world. He argued that their views were not only irreligious, but philosophically problematic, and he defended an alternative view aimed at staying closer to the Qur’an and the beliefs of the ordinary Muslim. Ibn Rushd (1126-1198) responded to al-Ghazali’s critique and developed a sophisticated Aristotelian view. The present chapter explores their views in light of a problem facing any philosophical model of God in Islam or classical theism more generally, the problem of conceiving of God’s nature and relation to the world in a way that places an appropriate distance between God and humans. On the one hand, we want a notion of God that is not overly anthropomorphic, or that does not make him to be too much like us. On the other hand, we want to be able to say something positive and substantive about God. And we want to do this while preserving the harmony of reason and revelation, of philosophy and religion, as much as possible.
Keywords Islamic philosophy  Al-Ghazali  Averroes  Omnipotence  Iranian Philosophy  Persian Philosophy
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Al-Ghazali Philosophical Theology.Frank Griffel - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
The Koran Interpreted.G. F. H. & A. J. Arberry - 1965 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 85 (2):289.
The Incoherence of the Philosophers.Michael E. Marmura (ed.) - 1998 - Brigham Young University.
Averroes and the Metaphysics of Causation.Barry S. Kogan - 1985 - State University of New York Press.

View all 7 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Ghazali on the Creation Vs. Eternity of the World.Raja Bahlul - 1992 - Philosophy and Theology 6 (3):259-275.
Al-Ghazali on Power, Causation, and 'Acquisition'.Edward Omar Moad - 2007 - Philosophy East and West 57 (1):1-13.
Ghazālī and the Poetics of Imagination.Ebrahim Moosa - 2005 - University of North Carolina Press.
Al-Ghazālī and Schopenhauer on Knowledge and Suffering.Zain Imtiaz Ali - 2007 - Philosophy East and West 57 (4):409-419.
Determinism and Free Will in Alexander of Aphrodisias and the Arabic Tradition.Luis Xavier López-Farjeat - 2007 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 81:161-177.


Added to PP index

Total views
2,389 ( #1,374 of 2,448,510 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
686 ( #453 of 2,448,510 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes