Slave-Boson Mean-Field Theory of Spin- and Orbital- Ordered States in the Degenerate Hubbard Model

Foundations of Physics 30 (12):2061-2078 (2000)

The mean-field theory with the use of the slave-boson functional method has been generalized to take account of the spin- and/or orbital-ordered state in the doubly degenerate Hubbard model. Numerical calculations are presented of the antiferromagnetic orbital-ordered state in the half-filled simple-cubic model. The orbital order in the present theory is much reduced compared with that in the Hartree–Fock approximation because of the large orbital fluctuations. From a comparison of the ground-state energy, the antiferromagnetic orbital state is shown to be unstable against the antiferromagnetic spin state, although the situation becomes reversed when the exchange interaction is negative
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DOI 10.1023/A:1003789423950
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