Vivarium 46 (3):232-252 (2008)

Abstract
Albertus Magnus favours the Aristotelian definition of the soul as the first actuality or perfection of a natural body having life potentially. But he interprets Aristotle's vocabulary in a way that it becomes compatible with the separability of the soul from the body. The term “perfectio” is understood as referring to the soul's activity only, not to its essence. The term “forma” is avoided as inadequate for defining the soul's essence. The soul is understood as a substance which exists independently of its actions and its body. The article shows that Albertus' terminological decisions continue a tradition reaching from the Greek commentators, and John Philoponos in particular, to Avicenna. Albertus' position on another important issue is also influenced by Arabic sources. His defense of the unity of the soul's vegetative, animal and rational parts rests on arguments from Avicenna and Averroes. It is shown that Averroes' position on the problem is not clearcut: he advocates the unity thesis, but also teaches the plurality of the generic and individual forms in man. This double stance is visible in the Latin reception of Averroes' works, and also in Albertus, who presents Averroes both as supporter and opponent of the plurality thesis.
Keywords AVICENNA   ARABIC PHILOSOPHY   AVERROES   PHILOSOPHY OF THE SOUL   ALBERTUS MAGNUS   DE ANIMA   MEDIEVAL LATIN PHILOSOPHY
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1163/156853408x360902
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 58,256
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Essence and Existence.John F. Wippel - 1982 - In Norman Kretzmann, Anthony Kenny & Jan Pinborg (eds.), Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 385--410.
Averroes and the Plurality of Forms.Emily Michael - 1992 - Franciscan Studies 52 (1):155-182.
Albert the Great.Markus Führer - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Aquinas and Aristotelians on Whether the Soul is a Group of Powers.Nicholas Kahm - 2017 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 34 (2):115-32.
Mirum Est Si Intellectus Noster Omnem Scientiam Accipiens Ex Phantasmate.Ile Vlad - 2021 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 23.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
91 ( #111,145 of 2,419,600 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #542,199 of 2,419,600 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes