European Journal of Philosophy 20 (S1):E1-E142 (2012)

Authors
Madeleine Hayenhjelm
Umeå University
Jonathan Wolff
Oxford University
Abstract
This paper surveys the current philosophical discussion of the ethics of risk imposition, placing it in the context of relevant work in psychology, economics and social theory. The central philosophical problem starts from the observation that it is not practically possible to assign people individual rights not to be exposed to risk, as virtually all activity imposes some risk on others. This is the ‘problem of paralysis’. However, the obvious alternative theory that exposure to risk is justified when its total benefits exceed its total costs faces the standard distributional challenges of consequentialism. Forms of contractualism have been proposed as a solution, but how exactly such theories can be formulated remains problematic, especially when confronted with the difficult cases of mass, novel, risk such as climate change
Keywords uncertainty  contractualism  rights  consequences  risk
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/j.1468-0378.2011.00482.x
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 62,401
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

What We Owe to Each Other.Thomas Scanlon - 1998 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Leviathan.Thomas Hobbes - 1651 - Harmondsworth, Penguin.

View all 54 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Democratizing Algorithmic Fairness.Pak-Hang Wong - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (2):225-244.
Just War and Robots’ Killings.Thomas W. Simpson & Vincent C. Müller - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (263):302-22.

View all 33 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Varieties of Risk Representations.John Kadvany - 1997 - Journal of Social Philosophy 28 (3):123-143.
Ethical Criteria of Risk Acceptance.Sven Ove Hansson - 2003 - Erkenntnis 59 (3):291 - 309.
Economic (Ir)Rationality in Risk Analysis.Sven Ove Hansson - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (2):231-241.
Contractualism and Risk Imposition.James Lenman - 2008 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (1):99-122.
Risk and Responsibility: A Complex and Evolving Relationship.Céline Kermisch - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (1):91-102.
The Harmful Influence of Decision Theory on Ethics.Sven Ove Hansson - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (5):585-593.
Risk, Fear, Blame, Shame and the Regulation of Public Safety.Jonathan Wolff - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (3):409-427.
Risk Management as a Tool for Sustainability.Frank C. Krysiak - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S3):483 - 492.
Against Beck: In Defence of Risk Analysis.Scott Campbell & Greg Currie - 2006 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 36 (2):149-172.
The Attractiveness of Risk.John T. Sanders - 1994 - American Society for Value Inquiry Newsletter 1994 (Fall).

Analytics

Added to PP index
2011-10-27

Total views
206 ( #49,210 of 2,445,677 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
14 ( #49,371 of 2,445,677 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes