From Choice to Chance? Saving People, Fairness, and Lotteries

Philosophical Review 124 (2):169-206 (2015)
Authors
Tim Henning
Universität Stuttgart
Abstract
Many authors in ethics, economics, and political science endorse the Lottery Requirement, that is, the following thesis: where different parties have equal moral claims to one indivisible good, it is morally obligatory to let a fair lottery decide which party is to receive the good. This article defends skepticism about the Lottery Requirement. It distinguishes three broad strategies of defending such a requirement: the surrogate satisfaction account, the procedural account, and the ideal consent account, and argues that none of these strategies succeed. The article then discusses and discharges some remaining grounds for resistance to these skeptical conclusions, as well as the possibility of defending a weaker version of a normative lottery principle. The conclusion is that we have no reason to believe that where equal claims conflict, we are morally required to hold a lottery, as opposed to simply picking one of the parties on more subjective grounds or out of pure whim. In addition to the practical consequences of this skeptical view, the article sketches some theoretical implications for debates about saving the greater number and about axiomatic utilitarianism
Keywords fairness  justice  lotteries  equal chances  allocation conflicts
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1215/00318108-2842176
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Justice and Chances.Re'em Segev - 2018 - Journal of Social Philosophy 49 (2):315-333.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Equality of Lotteries.Ben Saunders - 2008 - Philosophy 83 (3):359-372.
Fairness Between Competing Claims.Ben Saunders - 2010 - Res Publica 16 (1):41-55.
Broome on Fairness and Lotteries.Hugh Lazenby - 2014 - Utilitas 26 (4):331-345.
The American State Lottery.Verna V. Gehring - 1999 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (2):223-238.
Should the Probabilities Count?Katharina Rasmussen - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 159 (2):205-218.
The Mixed Solution to the Number Problem.Martin Peterson - 2009 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 6 (2):166-177.
Justice as Fairness in a Broken World.Marcus Arvan - 2014 - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 4 (2):95-126.
Justice by Lottery.Barbara Goodwin - 1992 - University of Chicago Press.
Survival Lotteries Reconsidered.Gerhard Øverland - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (7):355–363.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2014-09-11

Total downloads
1,290 ( #835 of 2,268,110 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
149 ( #1,803 of 2,268,110 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature