From Terra Nullius to Terra Communis: Reconsidering Wild Land in an Era of Conservation and Indigenous Rights

Environmental Philosophy 11 (2):141-174 (2014)

Authors
Yogi Hendlin
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Abstract
This article argues that understanding “wild” land as terra nullius emerged during historical colonialism, entered international law, and became entrenched in national constitutions and cultural mores around the world. This has perpetuated an unsustainable and unjust human relationship to land no longer tenable in the post-Lockean era of land scarcity and ecological degradation. Environmental conservation, by valuing wild lands, challenges the terra nullius assumption of the vulnerability of unused lands to encroachment, while indigenous groups reasserting their rights to communal territories likewise contest individual property rights. South American case studies illustrate routinized terra nullius prejudices.
Keywords terra nullius  locke  ecosystem services  terra communis  latin america  colonialism  law of nations  legitimation  conservation  indigenous rights
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ISBN(s) 1718-0198
DOI envirophil20143205
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The Threshold Problem in Intergenerational Justice. Hendlin - 2014 - Ethics and the Environment 19 (2):1.

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