Biology and Philosophy 23 (5):673-699 (2008)
The two authors of this paper have diametrically opposed views of the prevalence and strength of adaptation in nature. Hendry believes that adaptation can be seen almost everywhere and that evidence for it is overwhelming and ubiquitous. Gonzalez believes that adaptation is uncommon and that evidence for it is ambiguous at best. Neither author is certifiable to the knowledge of the other, leaving each to wonder where the other has his head buried. Extensive argument has revealed that each author thinks his own view is amply supported by both theory and empirical evidence. Further reflection has revealed that the differences in opinion may start with the different disciplines in which we work: evolutionary ecology for Hendry and community ecology for Gonzalez. In the present paper, we each present devastating evidence supporting our own position and thus refuting that of the other. We then identify the critical differences that led to such opposing views. We close by combining our two perspectives into a common framework based on the adaptive landscape, and thereby suggest means by which to assess the prevalence and strength of adaptation.
|Keywords||Philosophy Evolutionary Biology Philosophy of Biology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm: A Critique of the Adaptationist Programme.S. J. Gould & R. C. Lewontin - 1994 - In E. Sober (ed.), Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology. The Mit Press. Bradford Books. pp. 73-90.
Citations of this work BETA
Evolutionary Medicine at Twenty: Rethinking Adaptationism and Disease. [REVIEW]Sean A. Valles - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (2):241-261.
Similar books and articles
A Straw Man on a Dead Horse: Studying Adaptation Then and Now.Marlene Zuk - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):533-534.
Species of Thought: A Comment on Evolutionary Epistemology.David Sloan Wilson - 1990 - Biology and Philosophy 5 (1):37-62.
Adaptive Complexity and Phenomenal Consciousness.Shaun Nichols & Todd A. Grantham - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (4):648-670.
Teaching About Adaptation: Why Evolutionary History Matters. [REVIEW]Kostas Kampourakis - 2013 - Science and Education 22 (2):173-188.
Theories of Adaptation: What They Do and Don’T Say.H. Allen Orr - 2005 - Genetics.
How Ubiquitous is Adaptation? A Critique of the Epiphenomenist Program.Leigh Van Valen - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (2):267-280.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads20 ( #242,106 of 2,151,964 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #226,199 of 2,151,964 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.