Once Again on the *Hetucakraḍamaru: Rotating the Wheels

Journal of Indian Philosophy 44 (2):267-302 (2016)


The little versified treatise on the elements of Buddhist logic, often referred to as the Hetucakraḍamaru, is usually attributed to Dignāga. It is only available in a Tibetan translation and quotations from a few of its verses are extant in Sanskrit sources. On the basis of a novel interpretation that is based on a critical edition of the text, we argue that there is a good reason why its title was Hetucakraḍamaru - a ḍamaru is a two-headed drum. The “heads” of the drum are circular and they refer to the sapakṣa and vipakṣa conditions of the logical reason. These “wheels” can be turned clock-wise and counter clock-wise. The nine positions that are located on the wheels do remind one of a dharmacakra, which has a center and eight positions that are placed around it as if it were a compass. We illustrate our interpretation of the text by means of various diagrams.

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References found in this work

The Character of Logic in India.Bimal Krishna Matilal - 1998 - Albany, NY, USA: SUNY Press.
Indian Logic.Jonardon Ganeri - 2004 - In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. pp. 1--309.
Buddhist Logic.E. B. & Th Stcherbatsky - 1964 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 84 (4):490.
Buddhist Formal Logic.R. S. Y. Chi - 1969 - Motilal Banarsidass.
A Sixth-Century Manual of Indian Logic.Musashi Tachikawa - 1970 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 1 (2):111-145.

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Citations of this work

Logic in Classical Indian Philosophy.Brendan Gillon - 2011 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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