A Hylomorphic Account of Thought Experiments Concerning Personal Identity

Abstract
Hylomorphism offers a third way between animalist approaches to personal identity, which maintain that psychology is irrelevant to our persistence, andneo-Lockean accounts, which deny that humans are animals. This paper provides a Thomistic account that explains the intuitive responses to thought experiments involving brain transplants and the transformation of organic bodies into inorganic ones. This account does not have to follow the animalist in abandoning the claim that it is our identity which matters in survival, or countenance the puzzles of spatially coincident entities that plague the neo-Lockean. The key is to understand the human being as only contingently an animal. This approach to our animality is one that Catholics have additional reason to hold given certain views about purgatory, our uniqueness as free and rational creatures, and our having once existed as zygotes.
Keywords Catholic Tradition  Contemporary Philosophy  History of Philosophy  Philosophy and Religion
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ISBN(s) 1051-3558
DOI 10.5840/acpq200882332
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Animalism.Andrew M. Bailey - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (12):867-883.
Hylemorphic Animalism.Patrick Toner - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 155 (1):65 - 81.
Hylemorphism, Remnant Persons and Personhood.Patrick Toner - 2014 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (1):76-96.
On Hylemorphism and Personal Identity.Patrick Toner - 2011 - European Journal of Philosophy 19 (3):454-473.
The Catholic Position on Germ Line Genetic Engineering.James Delaney - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (11):33-34.

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