Religions 9 (4):1-13 (2018)

Authors
Jill Hernandez
Central Washington University
Abstract
This paper argues that, although Margaret Cavendish’s main philosophical contributions are not in philosophy of religion, she makes a case for a defense of God, in spite of the worst sorts of harms being present in the world. Her arguments about those harms actually presage those of contemporary feminist ethicists, which positions Cavendish’s scholarship in a unique position: it makes a positive theodical contribution, by relying on evils that contemporary atheists think are the best evidence against the existence of God. To demonstrate that Cavendish’s work should be considered as early modern feminist theodicy, this paper will briefly introduce the contemporary feminist worry about theodicy as a project, show that Cavendish shares the contemporary feminist view about situated evil, and argue that her theodicy aims for agreement about how to eradicate great moral evils while preserving free will—and so, carves out a space for future female philosophers of religion who aim to be agents of healing in the face of such evil.
Keywords Margaret Cavendish  theodicy  problem of evil  free will  feminist ethics  atrocity paradigm  redemptive goods  divine justice
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References found in this work BETA

Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God.[author unknown] - 1989 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 63:297-323.
The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil.Claudia Card - 2002 - Oxford University Press USA.

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