Authors
Jill Hernandez
Central Washington University
Abstract
Recent feminists have critiqued G.W. Leibniz’s Theodicy for its effort to justify God’s role in undeserved human suffering over natural and moral evil. These critiques suggest that theodicies which focus on evil as suffering alone obfuscate how to thematize evil, and so they conclude that theodicies should be rejected and replaced with a secularized notion of evil that is inextricably tied to the experiences of the victim. This paper argues that the political philosophy found in the writings of Catherine Macaulay (1731–1791) can serve as a support to Leibniz’s larger claims and can also offer a more concrete, situated notion of evil that escapes the contemporary feminist critique. Macaulay’s work on natural and moral political evil, especially, will be presented as an early modern precursor to feminism, which defends divine perfection and a pre-established harmony in the face of political evil. I then identify three unique theodicical arguments in Macaulay’s work: the pragmatically beneficial defense, the eschatalogical defense, and the redemptive defense
Keywords Problem of evil  Theodicy  Divine perfection  Evil  Moral evil  God  Leibniz  Catherine Macaulay  Feminism  Civil rights  Early modern philosophy
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11153-012-9365-2
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 62,487
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil.Claudia Card - 2002 - Oxford University Press USA.

View all 26 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

A Philosophy of Evil.Lars Fr H. Svendsen - 2010 - Dalkey Archive Press.
Is Theism Capable of Accounting for Any Natural Evil at All?Nick Trakakis - 2005 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 57 (1):35 - 66.
Is the Problem of Evil a Problem for Descartes?Brett Gaul - 2004 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 78:209-220.
Moral Evil, Freedom and the Goodness of God: Why Kant Abandoned Theodicy.Sam Duncan - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (5):973-991.
God, Evil, and Suffering.Daniel Howard-Snyder - 1999 - In Michael Murray (ed.), Reason for the Hope Within. Eerdmans. pp. 217--237.
Theodicy and Toleration in Bayle's Dictionary.Michael W. Hickson - 2013 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (1):49-73.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2012-08-05

Total views
56 ( #188,941 of 2,446,299 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #456,806 of 2,446,299 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes