Hastings Center Report 50 (6):27-38 (2020)

Jonathan Herington
University of Rochester
Scott Tanona
Kansas State University
Many instances of scientific research impose risks, not just on participants and scientists but also on third parties. This class of social risks unifies a range of problems previously treated as distinct phenomena, including so-called bystander risks, biosafety concerns arising from gain-of-function research, the misuse of the results of dual-use research, and the harm caused by inductive risks. The standard approach to these problems has been to extend two familiar principles from human subjects research regulations—a favorable risk-benefit ratio and informed consent. We argue, however, that these moral principles will be difficult to satisfy in the context of widely distributed social risks about which affected parties may reasonably disagree. We propose that framing these risks as political rather than moral problems may offer another way. By borrowing lessons from political philosophy, we propose a framework that unifies our discussion of social risks and the possible solutions to them.
Keywords bystander risks  dual‐use research  inductive risk  research ethics  social risks
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DOI 10.1002/hast.1196
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References found in this work BETA

Inductive Risk and Values in Science.Heather Douglas - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (4):559-579.
Science in a Democratic Society.Philip Kitcher - 2011 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101:95-112.
The Law of Peoples, with "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited".John Rawls - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (1):241-243.

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Health Research and Social Justice Philosophy.Sridhar Venkatapuram - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (6):39-40.

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