Superessentialism and Necessitarianism

Polish Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):79-95 (2011)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

The paper concerns mutual relations between two metaphysical positions: “superessentialism,” claiming that all properties of every object are essential, i.e.necessary, and “necessitarianism,” claiming that everything is necessary, i.e. there is only one possible world. The theories of Spinoza and Lewis serve as examples. In section I the two positions are characterized. In section II and III interpretations of Spinoza’s and Lewis’s metaphysics are presented, and it is explained to what extent they can both be considered superessentialists and necessitarians. In section IV the two theories are compared. In section V three possible ways of arguing for superessentialism are presented. It is then shown that the premises of these arguments appear, at least implicitly, in both of the theories. In section VI additional premises are numbered which have to be further assumed to prove necessitarianism. In the final section it is shown how Lewis can claim that there are contingent facts, while being a superessentialist and a necessitarian. It is argued that his claim of contingency is a matter of semantics, not of metaphysics.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 91,139

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Spinoza's Proof of Necessitarianism.Olli Koistinen - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (2):283-310.
Spinoza’s Proof of Necessitarianism.Olli Koistinen - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (2):283–310.
Anything is possible.Ch Mortensen - 1989 - Erkenntnis 30 (3):319 - 337.
Rationalism and Necessitarianism.Martin Lin - 2012 - Noûs 46 (3):418-448.
Finite in Infinity.Hannah Laurens - 2012 - Stance 5 (1):97-109.
Lewis on Reference and Eligibility.J. R. G. Williams - 2015 - In Barry Loewer & Jonathan Schaffer (eds.), A companion to David Lewis. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 367-382.
Has Lewis reduced modality?Javier Kalhat - 2008 - European Journal of Philosophy 17 (4):504-526.
The Facts about Truthmaking: An Argument for Truthmaker Necessitarianism.Jamin Asay - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3:493-500.
The Harmony of Spinoza and Leibniz.Samuel Newlands - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (1):64-104.
Necessitarianism in Spinoza and Leibniz.Michael V. Griffin - 2008 - In Charles Huenemann (ed.), Interpreting Spinoza: Critical Essays. Cambridge University Press.
Naturalness and arbitrariness.Theodore Sider - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3):283 - 301.
Against Truthmaker Necessitarianism.Robin Stenwall - 2016 - Logique Et Analyse 59 (233).

Analytics

Added to PP
2012-03-18

Downloads
60 (#255,955)

6 months
6 (#403,662)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Leopold Hess
Jagiellonian University

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references