Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (5):349-362 (2020)

Authors
Nicholas Shea
School of Advanced Study, University of London
Abstract
Metacognition–the ability to represent, monitor and control ongoing cognitive processes–helps us perform many tasks, both when acting alone and when working with others. While metacognition is adaptive, and found in other animals, we should not assume that all human forms of metacognition are gene-based adaptations. Instead, some forms may have a social origin, including the discrimination, interpretation, and broadcasting of metacognitive representations. There is evidence that each of these abilities depends on cultural learning and therefore that cultural selection might shape human metacognition. The cultural origins hypothesis is a plausible and testable alternative that directs us towards a substantial new programme of research.
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DOI 10.1016/j.tics.2020.02.007
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How to Measure Metacognition.Stephen M. Fleming & Hakwan C. Lau - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.

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