A Brief Commentary on the Hegelian‐Marxist Origins of Gramsci's ‘Philosophy of Praxis’

Educational Philosophy and Theory 41 (6):605-621 (2009)
The specific nuances of what Gramsci names 'the new dialectic' are explored in this paper. The dialectic was Marx's specific 'mode of thought' or 'method of logic' as it has been variously called, by which he analyzed the world and man's relationship to that world. As well as constituting a theory of knowledge (epistemology), what arises out of the dialectic is also an ontology or portrait of humankind that is based on the complete historicization of humanity; its 'absolute "historicism"' or 'the absolute secularisation and earthliness of thought', as Gramsci worded it ( Gramsci, 1971 , p. 465). Embracing a fully secular and historical view of humanity, it provides a vantage point that allows the multiple and complex effects of our own conceptual heritage to be interrogated in relation to our developing 'nature' or 'being'. The argument presented in this paper is that the legacy of both Hegel and Marx is manifest in the depth of Gramsci's comprehension of what he termed the 'educative-formative' problem of hegemony. It is precisely the legacy of this Hegelian-Marxist radical philosophical critique that is signified in his continuing commitment to the 'philosophy of praxis' and the historical-dialectical principles that underpin this worldview.
Keywords Marx  philosophy of praxis  Gramsci  Hegel  dialectic
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DOI 10.1111/j.1469-5812.2008.00495.x
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Phenomenology of Spirit.G. W. F. Hegel - 1979 - Oxford University Press.

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From the Return to Labriola to the Anti-Croce.Alessandro Olsaretti - 2016 - Historical Materialism 24 (4):193-220.

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