American Philosophical Quarterly 57 (3):299-308 (2020)

Scott Hill
University of Innsbruck
Why does God allow evil? One hypothesis is that God desires the existence and activity of free creatures but He was unable to create a world with such creatures and such activity without also allowing evil. If Molinism is true, what probability should be assigned to this hypothesis? Some philosophers claim that a low probability should be assigned because there are an infinite number of possible people and because we have no reason to suppose that such creatures will choose one way rather than another. Arguments like this depend on the principle of indifference. But that principle is rejected by most philosophers of probability. Some philosophers claim that a low probability should be assigned because doing otherwise violates intuitions about freewill. But such arguments can be addressed through strategies commonly employed to defend theories with counterintuitive results across ethics and metaphysics.
Keywords God  Molinism  Universal Transworld Depravity  The Principle of Indifference  Biased Observations  Error Theory  Explanatory Power  Paraphrase
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References found in this work BETA

The Nature of Necessity.Alvin Plantinga - 1974 - Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
Material Beings.Peter van Inwagen - 1990 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Living Without Free Will.Derk Pereboom - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.

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Animals Deserve Moral Consideration.Scott Hill - 2020 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 33 (2):177-185.

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