Informal Logic 41 (4):579-606 (2021)

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Abstract
Herein, I consider arguments resting on an appeal to a non-existent authority as a species of argument from authority, and ultimately show them to be reliant on arguments from analogy in their inferential force. Three sub-types of argument are discussed: from authorities as yet unborn, no longer living, or incapable of ever doing so. In each case it is shown that an element of arguing from analogy is required since there can be no direct evidence of any assertions of the source. In conclusion, it is suggested that such steps of analogy are employed frequently in traditional arguments from authority.
Keywords ad verecundiam  appeal to authority  appeal to expert opinion  argument schemes  non-existent authorities  originalism
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DOI 10.22329/il.v41i4.6662
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References found in this work BETA

Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
On Certainty (Ed. Anscombe and von Wright).Ludwig Wittgenstein - 1969 - New York and London: Harper Torchbooks.
Rethinking Expertise.H. M. Collins & Robert Evans - 2007 - University of Chicago Press.
Experts: Which Ones Should You Trust?Alvin I. Goldman - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (1):85-110.

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