Why robots should be technical

Interaction Studies 22 (2):244-279 (2021)
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Abstract

Research in social robotics is commonly focused on designing robots that imitate human behavior. While this might increase a user’s satisfaction and acceptance of robots at first glance, it does not automatically aid a non-expert user in naturally interacting with robots, and might hurt their ability to correctly anticipate a robot’s capabilities. We argue that a faulty mental model, that the user has of the robot, is one of the main sources of confusion. In this work, we investigate how communicating technical concepts of robotic systems to users affect their mental models, and how this can increase the quality of human-robot interaction. We conducted an online study and investigated possible ways of improving users’ mental models. Our results underline that communicating technical concepts can form an improved mental model. Consequently, we show the importance of consciously designing robots that express their capabilities and limitations.

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References found in this work

The Representational Theory of Mind: An Introduction.Kim Sterelny - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (175):252-254.
Tutoring in adult-child interaction: On the loop of the tutor’s action modification and the recipient’s gaze.Karola Pitsch, Anna-Lisa Vollmer, Katharina J. Rohlfing, Jannik Fritsch & Britta Wrede - 2014 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 15 (1):55-98.
Tutoring in adult-child interaction.Karola Pitsch, Anna-Lisa Vollmer, Katharina J. Rohlfing, Jannik Fritsch & Britta Wrede - 2014 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 15 (1):55-98.
On Studying Human Teaching Behavior with Robots: a Review.Anna-Lisa Vollmer & Lars Schillingmann - 2018 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 9 (4):863-903.

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