Biological Theory 7 (3):237-246 (2013)

Abstract
There has been much debate regarding when modern human cognition arose. It was previously thought that the technocomplexes and artifacts associated with a particular timeframe during the Upper Paleolithic could provide a proxy for identifying the signature of modern cognition. It now appears that this approach has underestimated the complexity of human behavior on a number of different levels. As the artifacts, once thought to be confined to Europe 40,000 years ago onwards, can now be found in other parts of the world well before this date, especially in South Africa, this suggests that modern cognition arose well before this period. Moreover, the variability of the archaeological record from the time when anatomically modern humans appeared 200,000 years ago suggests cognitive factors alone are unable to explain the obvious unevenness. In this article, it will be demonstrated how neuro-cognition can be assimilated with population dynamics and the transmission of information between individuals and groups that can provide important insights as to the nature and origins of modern human cognition
Keywords Brain morphology  Modern human cognition  Population dynamics  Transmission effects
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DOI 10.1007/s13752-012-0074-y
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References found in this work BETA

The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition.M. Tomasello - 1999 - Harvard University Press.
Where Do Mirror Neurons Come From.Cecilia Heyes - forthcoming - Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews.
Before and Below 'Theory of Mind': Embodied Simulation and the Neural Correlates of Social Cognition.Vittorio Gallese - 2007 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 362 (1480):659-669.
Evolution of the Brain and Intelligence.G. Roth & U. Dicke - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (5):250-257.

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