Filozofska Istrazivanja 31 (2):291-297 (2011)

Abstract
Polazeći od situacije u kojoj se sve više uviđa da bismo morali mijenjati naš odnos prema prirodi, može biti značajno postaviti pitanje – može li Whiteheadova filozofija prirode, koja predstavlja jedan izuzetan i izniman misaoni sustav, cjelovitu teoriju prirode, pomoći u nastojanju da se ponovno zadobije pojam prirode u mišljenju? U tome smislu, ovdje se u najopćenitijim naznakama razmatraju neki temeljni pojmovi i karakteristike Whiteheadove filozofije prirode.Ključni pojmovi Whiteheadove filozofije prirode su: ‘proces’, ‘organizam’ i ‘aktualni entitet’. Stvarnost je proces koji istovremeno predstavlja i subjekt kao koordinirajući princip jedinstva. Proces se sastoji od događaja koji se nalaze u dinamičkom međuodnosu. U prvom planu ove teorije prirode koja, drugačije i od Aristotela ali i od Descartesa, ‘prirodno’ misli u njegovoj organizmičkoj kvaliteti, nalazi se vrijeme a ne supstancija. Whiteheadova filozofija prirode, kao empirijsko-pragmatična metafizika, polazi od kauzaliteta i teleologije kao dva različita aspekta jedinstvenog procesa. U prirodi je na djelu komplementarni odnos kauzaliteta i teleologije, determinizma i slobode. Aktualni entiteti posjeduju svoju unutarnju, teleološku dinamiku koja je ograničena kroz njihovu relaciju s ukupnim Univerzumom.U kategorijalnom pojmu ‘aktualni entitet’ Whiteheadova filozofija nudi koncept za formuliranje jedinstva između fizičkih i psihičkih fenomena stvarnosti. Priroda i duh, tijelo i svijest, fizičko i psihičko, ne nalaze se u odnosu dihotomije. Ljudski i ne-ljudski život ne dijeli nikakva apsolutna granica. U metafizičkom i kozmološkom pogledu, Whiteheadova filozofija prirode, u svom nastojanju da se osigura kozmičko jedinstvo prostorne i vremenske dimenzije svijeta, prirode i povijesti, duha i materije, koncipirana je panteistički.In the situation in which necessity of changing our attitude towards the nature is becoming increasingly obvious, it could be important to ask the following question – is Whitehead’s natural philosophy, which represents one remarkable and outstanding system of thought, one integral natural philosophy, capable of giving assistance in our attempt of regaining the notion of nature in thought? Thereby, some grounding terms and characteristics of Whitehead’s natural philosophy are discussed here in a manner of a broad sketch.Grounding terms of Whitehead’s natural philosophy are: ‘process’, ‘organism’, and ‘actual entity’. Reality is the process which at the same time represents a subject as a coordinative principle of unity. Process is compiled out of the events which are in a dynamic interrelationship. In a focus of this theory of nature, which in contrast to Aristotle and Descartes thinks of ‘nature’ in its organismic quality, is time not the substance. Whitehead’s natural philosophy, being the empirical-pragmatical metaphysics, starts from causality and teleology as two different aspects of the unique process. Complementary process of causality and teleology, determinism and freedom, have an effect on nature. Actual entities posses their inner, teleological dynamics which is limited through their relation with the Universe in total.In categorial term ‘actual entity’ Whitehead’s philosophy offers the concept for formulating the unity between physical and psychical phenomena of the reality. Nature and spirit, body and conscience, physical and psychical, are not in the relation of dichotomy. Human and non-human life are not divided by any absolute boundary. In metaphysical and cosmological outlook, Whitehead’s natural philosophy in its attempt of providing the cosmic space–time unity of the world, nature and history, spirit and matter, is outlined as pantheistic
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