Aquinas on threats and temptations

Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 86 (2):225-242 (2005)

Abstract
: Aquinas maintains that when we succumb to temptation our actions are wholly voluntary. When we give up a good in the face of a threat our actions are partly involuntary, but they are more voluntary than involuntary. I argue that when we succumb to temptation our actions can also be partly involuntary. I also defend my intuition that in some mixed cases our action is more involuntary than voluntary, and I show how Aquinas's psychological theory can explain this. Finally, I explain why it matters that actions fully in accordance with our reasons‐responsive choices might not be fully voluntary.
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DOI 10.1111/papq.2005.86.issue-2
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