Argumentation 30 (4):365-397 (2016)

Michael H. G. Hoffmann
Georgia Institute of Technology
Why do we formulate arguments? Usually, things such as persuading opponents, finding consensus, and justifying knowledge are listed as functions of arguments. But arguments can also be used to stimulate reflection on one’s own reasoning. Since this cognitive function of arguments should be important to improve the quality of people’s arguments and reasoning, for learning processes, for coping with “wicked problems,” and for the resolution of conflicts, it deserves to be studied in its own right. This contribution develops first steps towards a theory of reflective argumentation. It provides a definition of reflective argumentation, justifies its importance, delineates it from other cognitive functions of argumentation in a new classification of argument functions, and it discusses how reflection on one’s own reasoning can be stimulated by arguments.
Keywords Argument functions  Argument schemes  Argument templates  Cognition  Computer-supported argument visualization  Controversy  Education  Learning  Reflection  Semiotics  Wicked problems
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Reprint years 2016
DOI 10.1007/s10503-015-9388-9
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References found in this work BETA

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
Knowledge in a Social World.Alvin I. Goldman - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
Argumentation Schemes.Douglas Walton, Chris Reed & Fabrizio Macagno - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
Thought and Language.A. L. Wilkes, L. S. Vygotsky, E. Hanfmann & G. Vakar - 1964 - Philosophical Quarterly 14 (55):178.

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Citations of this work BETA

Informal Logic.Leo Groarke - 1996 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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