Philosophy of Science 82 (5):1330-1343 (2015)

Authors
Bennett Holman
Yonsei University
Abstract
The standard philosophical definition of placebos offered by Grünbaum is incompatible with Cartwright’s conception of randomized clinical trials. I offer a modified account of placebos that respects this role and clarifies why many current medical trials fail to warrant the conclusions they are typically seen as yielding. I then consider recent changes to guidelines for reporting medical trials and show that pessimism over parsing out the cause of “unblinding” is premature. Specifically, using a trial of antidepressants, I show how more sophisticated statistical analyses can parse out the source of such effects and serve as an alternative to placebo control
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DOI 10.1086/683817
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References found in this work BETA

What Are Randomised Controlled Trials Good For?Nancy Cartwright - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (1):59 - 70.

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Citations of this work BETA

Philosophers on Drugs.Bennett Holman - 2019 - Synthese 196 (11):4363-4390.
In Defense of Meta-Analysis.Bennett Holman - 2019 - Synthese 196 (8):3189-3211.
Bias as an Epistemic Notion.Anke Bueter - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 91:307-315.

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