Asian Philosophy 29 (3):221-230 (2019)

Authors
Mahdi Homazadeh
Iranian Institute of Philosophy
Abstract
This paper first explores in detail a regenerated theory in philosophy of mind, known among contemporary philosophers as ‘emergentism’. By distinguishing strong and weak versions of the theory, I explain two important explanatory challenges presented by physicalists against this theory. In the following, I provide a brief overview of Sadr al-Muta’allihin’s theory of the incipience and degrees of the soul, examining similarities and differences between this theory and strong emergentism. Then, underlining the main aspects of similarity between the two theories, I consider the challenges presented by physicalists against emergentism as reconstructible against Sadra’s theory. Surveying some explanations by Sadraean philosophers of the soul-body relationship, I ultimately argue that Sadra’s theory is inadequate in face of the objections and doubts raised by contemporary physicalists. My assessment is that Sadra’s philosophy is in need of further development to meet those explanatory challenges.
Keywords Emergentism  Mulla-Sadra  Mind - body problem  Physicalism  Islamic Philosophy  Mental Causation
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Reprint years 2019
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DOI 10.1080/09552367.2019.1658373
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References found in this work BETA

In Defence of Ontological Emergence and Mental Causation.Michael Silberstein - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence. Oxford University Press. pp. 203.

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