Legal and Ethical Considerations in Allowing Parental Exemptions From Newborn Critical Congenital Heart Disease Screening

American Journal of Bioethics 16 (1):11-17 (2016)

Abstract
Critical congenital heart disease screening is rapidly becoming the standard of care in the United States after being added to the Recommended Uniform Screening Panel in 2011. Newborn screens typically do not require affirmative parental consent. In fact, most states allow parents to exempt their baby from receiving the required screen on the basis of religious or personally held beliefs. There are many ethical considerations implicated with allowing parents to exempt their child from newborn screening for CCHD. Considerations include the treatment of religious exemptions in our current legal system, as well as medical and ethical principles in relation to the rights of infants. Although there are significant benefits to screening newborns for CCHD, when a parent refuses for religious or personal beliefs, in the case of CCHD screening, the parental decision should stand
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DOI 10.1080/15265161.2015.1115140
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Putting Children at Risk in the Name of Religion.Wayne N. Shelton & Bruce D. White - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (1):32-33.
Religion and Newborn Screening.Richard H. Dees & Jennifer M. Kwon - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (1):20-21.
Pulse Oximetry Should Be Required Without a Religious Exemption.Rita Swan - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (1):26-28.

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