Canadian Journal of Philosophy 11 (4):633 - 651 (1981)

Marcia Homiak
Occidental College
We are often told that there is a striking and important difference between ancient Greek moral philosophy and modern moral philosophy. Whereas the moderns emphasize principles of right action and what a person is obligated to do, ancient moral philosophy is concerned with character and what it is to be a good, that is, a virtuous human being. For the Greeks, virtue was not a matter of making our actions conform to a specific code of conduct or to the moral law. Instead, it was a matter of being in the right psychological state. This idea is explicit in Socrates’ famous claim that knowledge is sufficient for virtue: once we know that virtue is an indispensable means to the final good of eudaimonia, we will choose virtue.
Keywords Contemporary Philosophy  General Interest
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ISBN(s) 0045-5091
DOI 10.1080/00455091.1981.10716327
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References found in this work BETA

II—Deliberation and Practical Reason.David Wiggins - 1976 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 76 (1):29-52.
Plato’s Moral Theory: The Early and Middle Dialogues.Christopher Gill - 1977 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 99:176-176.
Friendship and the Good in Aristotle.John M. Cooper - 1977 - Philosophical Review 86 (3):290-315.
Aristotle on Reason, Desire, and Virtue.T. H. Irwin - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy 72 (17):567-578.

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