Efficiency and authority in the 'Open versus closed' transformer controversy

Annals of Science 52 (1):49-76 (1995)

In the 1880s, there had existed a series of controversies between the proponents of open and closed transformers. James Swinburne reopened it in 1889 when he designed a new type of open ‘Hedgehog’ transformer, and argued that it had the highest all-day efficiency. Three years later, John Ambrose Fleming showed that the Hedgehog was not the best but rather close to the worst. The bitter controversy between Swinburne and Fleming ended quickly, as Fleming made the unstable AC power measurement stable by creating agreement concerning the calibration of AC instruments with the help of Kelvin's authority. Instruments, measurement, and calibration were intimately bound up with hegemonic issues in late-Victorian electrical engineering
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2006
DOI 10.1080/00033799500200111
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 44,365
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

A Unified Theory of Quotation.Ken Akiba - 2005 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 86 (2):161–171.
Tests of the Law of Effect Using Open and Closed Tasks.Langdon E. Longstreth - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (1):53.
Open Quotation.François Recanati - 2001 - Mind 110 (439):637-687.
Realism, Closed Systems and Abstraction.Stephen Pratten - 2007 - Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (4):473-497.
Open Perfectionism and Global Justice.Thaddeus Metz - 2004 - Theoria 51 (104):96-127.
In Defence of Believing Wishfully.Mark Mercer - 2010 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):211-224.
The Primacy of Authority.John Wilson - 1992 - Journal of Moral Education 21 (2):115-124.


Added to PP index

Total views
19 ( #456,855 of 2,271,738 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
5 ( #260,072 of 2,271,738 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes

Sign in to use this feature