Philosophy of the Social Sciences 20 (4):421-436 (1990)
University of Keele, England This article analyzes the strategies and means by which universalist claims about human nature become successful in science. Of specific interest are the conditions under which claims of this sort are taken to be inherently superior to those which are particularistic or context-specific (a hierarchy of values which we term "universality bias"). We trace the birth of universalists claims in neglected fields, their growth through methodological agreements and the use of invisible referents, and their roots in multiple audiences with different evaluation criteria. Our analysis complements philosophical and political critiques of theories about human nature and demonstrates the historical specificity of universalist claims.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Reason, Revelation, Universality and Particularity in Ethics.John Finnis - 2008 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 53 (1):23-48.
Discourses on Information Ethics: The Claim to Universality. [REVIEW]Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2008 - Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):97-108.
The Non-Modularity of Moral Knowledge.Theresa Waynand Tobin - 2005 - Social Philosophy Today 21:33-50.
The True or the Artificial: Theories on Human Nature Before Mencius and Xunzi-Based on “ Sheng is From Ming , and Ming is From Tian ”. [REVIEW]Youguang Li - 2010 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (1):31-50.
Do Theories of Implicit Race Bias Change Moral Judgments?C. Daryl Cameron, Joshua Knobe & B. Keith Payne - 2010 - Social Justice Research 23:272-289.
A Response to Nordenfelt's “The Varieties of Dignity”.Andrew Edgar - 2004 - Health Care Analysis 12 (2):83-89.
Justifying Group-Specific Common Morality.Carson Strong - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (1):1-15.
Please Don't Use Science or Mathematics in Arguing for Human Rights or Natural Law.Alberto Artosi - 2010 - Ratio Juris 23 (3):311-332.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #459,818 of 2,163,993 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #348,017 of 2,163,993 )
How can I increase my downloads?