In Kohei Arai, Supriya Kapoor & Rahul Bhatia (eds.), Proceedings of the Future Technologies Conference (FTC) 2020. Switzerland: pp. 78-99 (2021)

Soaad Hossain
University of Toronto, St. George Campus
With the shortage of physicians and surgeons and increase in demand worldwide due to situations such as the COVID-19 pandemic, there is a growing interest in finding solutions to help address the problem. A solution to this problem would be to use neurotechnology to provide them augmented cognition, senses and action for optimal diagnosis and treatment. Consequently, doing so can negatively impact them and others. We argue that applying neurotechnology for human enhancement in physicians and surgeons can cause injustices, and harm to them and patients. In this paper, we will first describe the augmentations and neurotechnologies that can be used to achieve the relevant augmentations for physicians and surgeons. We will then review selected ethical concerns discussed within literature, discuss the neuroengineering behind using neurotechnology for augmentation purposes, then conclude with an analysis on outcomes and ethical issues of implementing human augmentation via neurotechnology in medical and surgical practice.
Keywords Neurotechnology  Ethics  Augmentation  Enhancement  Brain-computer interface  Physicians  Surgeons  Patients  Harm  Global  Social
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Human Enhancement and Personal Identity.Philip Brey - 2009 - In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Evan Selinger & Søren Riis (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Technology. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 169--185.
Is There a Morally Right Price for Anti-Retroviral Drugs in the Developing World?Ross Brennan & Paul Baines - 2006 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 15 (1):29–43.

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