Minds and Machines 18 (4):461-473 (2008)

Authors
Paul Hovda
Reed College
Abstract
The concept of weak emergence is a refinement or specification of the intuitive, general notion of emergence. Basically, a fact about a system is said to be weakly emergent if its holding both (i) is derivable from the fundamental laws of the system together with some set of basic (non-emergent) facts about it, and yet (ii) is only derivable in a particular manner, called “simulation.” This essay analyzes the application of this notion Conway’s Game of Life, and concludes that a modification of the notion would provide a better refinement of the general notion of emergence. It is proposed that emergence be taken as a matter of degree, defined in terms of the amount of simulation required to derive a fact.
Keywords Computation   Emergence   Simulation
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DOI 10.1007/s11023-008-9123-5
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References found in this work BETA

Logic, Logic, and Logic.George Boolos - 1998 - Harvard University Press.
Weak Emergence.Mark A. Bedau - 1997 - Philosophical Perspectives 11:375-399.
Kurt Gödel, Collected Works.Solomon Feferman (ed.) - 1995 - Oxford University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Is Weak Emergence Just in the Mind?Mark A. Bedau - 2008 - Minds and Machines 18 (4):443-459.
Complexity-Based Theories of Emergence: Criticisms and Constraints.Kari L. Theurer - 2014 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (3):277-301.
Royce's Model of the Absolute.Eric Steinhart - 2012 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 48 (3):356-384.
Strengthening Weak Emergence.Nora Berenstain - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-18.

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