Philosophers' Imprint (forthcoming)

Authors
Nathan Robert Howard
Texas A&M University
Abstract
The wrong kind of reason (WKR) problem is a problem for attempts to analyze normative properties using only facts about the balance of normative reasons, a style of analysis on which the ‘Reasons First’ programme depends. I argue that this problem cannot be solved if the orthodox view of reasons is true --- that is, if each normative reason is numerically identical with some fact, proposition, or state-of-affairs. That’s because solving the WKR problem requires completely distinguishing between the right- and wrong-kind reasons for an attitude. I argue that some facts give both right- and wrong-kind reasons for an attitude. Consequently, no such distinction between the two types of reasons is complete if reasons are facts or the like. I conclude by suggesting that reasons and facts are related by constitution, not identity.
Keywords Wrong Kind of Reason Problem  Pragmatic Reasons  Reasons First  Factualism  Donald Davidson  Ambidextrous Reasons
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References found in this work BETA

What We Owe to Each Other.Thomas Scanlon - 1998 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
The Possibility of Altruism.Thomas Nagel - 1970 - Oxford Clarendon Press.
The Importance of Being Rational.Errol Lord - 2018 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Practical Reality.Jonathan Dancy - 2000 - Oxford University Press.

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From Impossibility to Evidentialism?Alex Worsnip - 2021 - Episteme 18 (3):384-406.

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