Faith and Philosophy 20 (3):345-363 (2003)

Daniel Howard-Snyder
Western Washington University
Michael J. Murray defends the traditional doctrine of hell by arguing directly against its chief competitor, universalism. Universalism, says Murray, comes in “naïve” and “sophisticated” forms. Murray poses two arguments against naïve universalism before focusing on sophisticated universalism, which is his real target. He proceeds in this fashion because he thinks that his arguments against sophisticated universalism are more easily motivated against naïve universalism, and once their force is clearly seen in the naïve case they will be more clearly seen in the sophisticated. In this essay, I argue that Murray’s arguments against naïve universalism have no force whatsoever.
Keywords hell  Christianity  universalism  Michael Murray  heaven
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s) 0739-7046
DOI 10.5840/faithphil200320346
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Necessity of Gratuitous Evil.William Hasker - 1992 - Faith and Philosophy 9 (1):23-44.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles


Added to PP index

Total views
363 ( #25,127 of 2,455,421 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
8 ( #84,265 of 2,455,421 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes