Authors
Tomas Hribek
Institute of Philosophy, Czech Academy of Sciences
Abstract
[A Czech Greenberg? Mukařovský and Aesthetic Formalism] This article revisits Tomáš Pospiszyl’s discussion of the split between the North American and the Czechoslovak postwar modernism as a difference between the views of two critics who dominated the American and the Czechoslovak art scene, respectively--Clement Greenberg and Jindřich Chalupecký. Pospiszyl convincingly traces the evolution of American art to what has been called Greenberg’s “formalism,” and the developments on the Czechoslovak scene to Chalupecký’s ideas about art as part of social social interactions. Though the author of the article agrees with this analysis of Czechoslovak modernism as anti-formalist, he seeks to draw attention to the writings of the Czech literary theorist Jan Mukařovský, which were contemporaneous with Chalupecký’s and Greenberg’s--in particular Mukařovský’s 1944 lecture “The Essence of the Visual Arts.” The author provides a comparative analysis of Mukařovský and Greenberg, suggesting that the former was quite close to the latter’s “formalism.” This might seem incorrect, given that Mukařovský is considered to be a precursor of the semiotic theory of art, which is generally understood as antithetical to formalism. The solution, he argues, is to realize that Greenberg is subtler, hence not so "formalist” after all. At any rate, it turns out that in addition to Chalupecký’s “social” theory of art, Mukařovský had a more “formalist” alternative which – for well-known historical reasons – had no effect on the subsequent development of Czechoslovak modernism.
Keywords Greenberg  Chalupecký  Mukařovský  essentialism  formalism  autonomy of art
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Greenberg's Kant and the Problem of Modernist Painting.Paul Crowther - 1985 - British Journal of Aesthetics 25 (4):317-325.
Clement Greenberg e la Halakah del Modernismo.Camilla Froio - 2016 - Aisthesis: Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 9 (2):155-175.
Greenberg, Danto E O Fim da Arte.Pedro Süssekind - 2014 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 55 (129):349-362.
Kant and Greenberg's Varieties of Aesthetic Formalism.Paul Crowther - 1984 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 42 (4):442-445.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2018-07-24

Total views
77 ( #119,046 of 2,326,150 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
18 ( #34,830 of 2,326,150 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes