Tzu-wei Hung
Academia Sinica, Taiwan
Chun-Ping Yen
Academia Sinica
Should you be targeted by police for a crime that AI predicts you will commit? In this paper, we analyse when, and to what extent, the person-based predictive policing (PP) — using AI technology to identify and handle individuals who are likely to breach the law — could be justifiably employed. We first examine PP’s epistemological limits, and then argue that these defects by no means refrain from its usage; they are worse in humans. Next, based on major AI ethics guidelines (IEEE, EU, and RIKEN, etc.), we refine three basic moral principles specific to person-based PP. We also derive further requirements from case studies, including debates in Chicago, New Orleans, San Francisco, Tokyo, and cities in China. Instead of rejecting PP programs, we analyse what necessary conditions should be met for using the tool to achieve social good. While acknowledging its risks, we conclude that the person-based PP could be beneficial in community policing, especially when merging into a larger governance framework of the social safety net.
Keywords Predictive policing  Person-based  Privacy  Civic rights  Big data
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s10676-020-09539-x
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 62,343
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Predictive Mind.Jakob Hohwy - 2013 - Oxford University Press UK.
On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the N Tscheidungsproblem.Alan Turing - 1936 - Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society 42 (1):230-265.
Prolegomena to Any Future Artificial Moral Agent.Colin Allen & Gary Varner - 2000 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 12 (3):251--261.

View all 16 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Police Ethics.Seumas Miller (ed.) - 1997 - Allen & Unwin.
A Values-based methodology in Policing.Jens Erik Paulsen - 2019 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 1:21-38.
The Art, Craft, and Science of Policing.Martin Innes - 2010 - In Peter Cane & Herbert M. Kritzer (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research. Oxford University Press. pp. 11.
Liberalism and Policing: The State We're In.Luke William Hunt - 2018 - In the Long Run (University of Cambridge).
Rules and Talking of Rules.Bernhard Weiss - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (2):229-241.
What? Now. Predictive Coding and Enculturation.Richard Menary - 2015 - In Thomas Metzinger & Jennifer M. Windt (eds.), Open Mind. M.I.T. Press.


Added to PP index

Total views
35 ( #307,419 of 2,445,337 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
11 ( #61,755 of 2,445,337 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes