On ‘Hybrid’ Theories of Personal Good

Utilitas 31 (4):450-462 (2019)
  Copy   BIBTEX


‘Hybrid’ theories of personal good, defended by e.g. Parfit, Wolf, and Kagan, equate it, not with a subjective state such as pleasure on its own, nor with an objective state such as knowledge on its own, but with a whole that supposedly combines the two. These theories apply Moore's principle of organic unities, which says the value of a whole needn't equal the sum of the values its parts would have by themselves. This allows them, defenders say, to combine the attractions of purely subjective and purely objective views. This common understanding of the theories is, however, mistaken. At the most fundamental level they don't combine a subjective and an objective element but two objective ones. Once this is understood, their attraction as hybrid theories diminishes: the value in their wholes may be just the sum of the values in their parts.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 93,069

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Two kinds of organic unity.Thomas Hurka - 1998 - The Journal of Ethics 2 (4):299-320.
A robust hybrid theory of well-being.Steven Wall & David Sobel - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (9):2829-2851.
Wolf and Christman on autonomy: Two objective views.Ian Jennings - 2000 - South African Journal of Philosophy 19 (3):151-167.
Organic Unities.Chris Heathwood - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Hoboken, NJ: Blackwell.
The Missing-Desires Objection to Hybrid Theories of Well-Being.William Lauinger - 2013 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 51 (2):270-295.
Groundhog Day and the Good Life.Diana Abad - 2012 - Film-Philosophy 16 (1):149-164.
Probe into the Cause of Luck in the "I Ching".Ming Fu - 1998 - Philosophy and Culture 25 (8):737-749.


Added to PP

167 (#119,449)

6 months
20 (#138,728)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Thomas Hurka
University of Toronto, St. George Campus

Citations of this work

Fit and Well-Being.Teresa Bruno-Niño - 2024 - Utilitas 36 (1):16-34.
Wellbeing Competence.Søren Engelsen - 2022 - Philosophies 7 (2):42.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Reasons and Persons.Joseph Margolis - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (2):311-327.
The Morality of Freedom.Joseph Raz - 1986 - Philosophy 63 (243):119-122.
Principia Ethica.George Edward Moore - 1903 - International Journal of Ethics 14 (3):377-382.
Happiness and Meaning: Two Aspects of the Good Life.Susan Wolf - 1997 - Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (1):207.
Happiness and meaning: Two aspects of the good life.Susan Wolf - 1997 - Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (1):207-225.

View all 12 references / Add more references