American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):5 – 18 (2005)
From a twenty-first century partnership between bioethics and neuroscience, the modern field of neuroethics is emerging, and technologies enabling functional neuroimaging with unprecedented sensitivity have brought new ethical, social and legal issues to the forefront. Some issues, akin to those surrounding modern genetics, raise critical questions regarding prediction of disease, privacy and identity. However, with new and still-evolving insights into our neurobiology and previously unquantifiable features of profoundly personal behaviors such as social attitude, value and moral agency, the difficulty of carefully and properly interpreting the relationship between brain findings and our own self-concept is unprecedented. Therefore, while the ethics of genetics provides a legitimate starting point - even a backbone - for tackling ethical issues in neuroimaging, they do not suffice. Drawing on recent neuroimaging findings and their plausible real-world applications, we argue that interpretation of neuroimaging data is a key epistemological and ethical challenge. This challenge is two-fold. First, at the scientific level, the sheer complexity of neuroscience research poses challenges for integration of knowledge and meaningful interpretation of data. Second, at the social and cultural level, we find that interpretations of imaging studies are bound by cultural and anthropological frameworks. In particular, the introduction of concepts of self and personhood in neuroimaging illustrates the interaction of interpretation levels and is a major reason why ethical reflection on genetics will only partially help settle neuroethical issues. Indeed, ethical interpretation of such findings will necessitate not only traditional bioethical input but also a wider perspective on the construction of scientific knowledge.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
The Astonishing Hypothesis: The Scientific Search for the Soul.Francis Crick - 1994 - Scribners.
Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity.Charles Taylor - 1989 - Harvard University Press.
Toward a New Philosophy of Biology: Observations of an Evolutionist.Ernst Mayr - 1988 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
FMRI Reveals Large-Scale Network Activation in Minimally Conscious Patients.Nicholas D. Schiff, D. Rodriguez-Moreno & A. Kamal - 2005 - Neurology 64:514-523.
Citations of this work BETA
Neuroscientific Challenges to Free Will and Responsibility.Adina L. Roskies - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (9):419-423.
Functional Neuroimaging and the Law: Trends and Directions for Future Scholarship.Stacey A. Tovino - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (9):44 – 56.
A Leg to Stand On: Sir William Osler and Wilder Penfield's "Neuroethics".Joseph J. Fins - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (1):37 – 46.
Similar books and articles
Interdependence of Theoretical Concepts and Neuroimaging Data.Christian G. Huber - 2009 - Poiesis and Praxis 6 (3-4):203-217.
Neuroscience and the Teaching of Mathematics.Kerry Lee & Swee Fong Ng - 2011 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (1):81-86.
Neuroethics and Neuroimaging: Moving Toward Transparency.Joseph J. Fins - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (9):46 – 52.
Ethical Questions in Functional Neuroimaging and Cognitive Enhancement.Danielle C. Turner & Barbara J. Sahakian - 2006 - Poiesis and Praxis 4 (2):81-94.
Neuroimaging and Disorders of Consciousness: Envisioning an Ethical Research Agenda.Joseph J. Fins, Judy Illes, James L. Bernat, Joy Hirsch, Steven Laureys & Emily Murphy - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (9):3 – 12.
More Education, Less Administration: Reflections of Neuroimagers' Attitudes to Ethics Through the Qualitative Looking Glass. [REVIEW]A. Kehagia, K. Tairyan, C. Federico, G. Glover & J. Illes - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (4):775-788.
Neuroethics and Nanoethics: Do We Risk Ethical Myopia? [REVIEW]Sheri Alpert - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (1):55-68.
Neuroethics: Defining the Issues in Theory, Practice, and Policy.Judy Illes (ed.) - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
Epistemological Considerations on Neuroimaging – a Crucial Prerequisite for Neuroethics.Christian G. Huber & Johannes Huber - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (6):340-348.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads40 ( #128,442 of 2,163,731 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #348,100 of 2,163,731 )
How can I increase my downloads?