Social values and scientific evidence: The case of the HPV vaccines

Biology and Philosophy 25 (2):203-213 (2010)

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Abstract
Several have argued that the aims of scientific research are not always independent of social and ethical values. Yet this is often assumed only to have implications for decisions about what is studied, or which research projects are funded, and not for methodological decisions or standards of evidence. Using the case of the recently developed HPV vaccines, we argue that the social aims of research can also play important roles in justifying decisions about (1) how research problems are defined in drug development, (2) evidentiary standards used in testing drug “success”, and (3) clinical trial methodology. As a result, attending to the social aims at stake in particular research contexts will produce more rational methodological decisions as well as more socially relevant science.
Keywords Philosophy   Evolutionary Biology   Philosophy of Biology
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DOI 10.1007/s10539-009-9191-9
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References found in this work BETA

The Fate of Knowledge.Helen Longino - 2002 - Princeton University Press.
Science, Truth, and Democracy.Philip Kitcher - 2003 - Mind 112 (448):746-749.
Science, Truth, and Democracy.Philip Kitcher - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
Are Rcts the Gold Standard?Nancy Cartwright - 2007 - Biosocieties 1:11-20.

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Distinguishing Between Legitimate and Illegitimate Values in Climate Modeling.Kristen Intemann - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 5 (2):217-232.
Science, Values, and Pragmatic Encroachment on Knowledge.Boaz Miller - 2014 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (2):253-270.

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