Aristotle's first principles

New York: Oxford University Press (1988)
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Abstract

Exploring Aristotle's philosophical method and the merits of his conclusions, Irwin here shows how Aristotle defends dialectic against the objection that it cannot justify a metaphysical realist's claims. He focuses particularly on Aristotle's metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mind, and ethics, stressing the connections between doctrines that are often discussed separately.

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Chapters

The Problem of First Principles

This introductory chapter establishes the scope and connexions of the chapters in this volume by discussing the concepts of first principles, realism, dialectic and philosophy, puzzles about dialectic, and Aristotle’s development. It provides an overview of the chapters and the arguments r... see more

Inquiry and Dialectic

Aristotle describes two methods of inquiry that begin from our initial beliefs and the things we intuitively recognise, the ‘things known to us’, and claim to reach principles ‘known by nature’. Empirical inquiry begins from perception, proceeds by induction and generalisation, and tests t... see more

Reconsiderations

This chapter discusses some of the main claims of this volume and the questions that they raise. It covers Aristotle’s silences or his refusal to discuss certain issues at length, the treatment of Aristotle’s early and late works, the uses of strong dialectic, systematic philosophy in Aris... see more

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Citations of this work

The legend of the justified true belief analysis.Julien Dutant - 2015 - Philosophical Perspectives 29 (1):95-145.
Aristóteles, Metafísica Livros I, II e III.Lucas Angioni - 2008 - Campinas, Brazil: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Universidade de Campinas.
Definition and essence in Metaphysics vii 4.Lucas Angioni - 2014 - Ancient Philosophy 34 (1):75-100.
Explanation and Method in Eudemian Ethics I.6.Lucas Angioni - 2017 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 20:191-229.

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